Motto of the day

Poisons and medicine are oftentimes the same substance given with different intents

Peter Mere Latham

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Scientific publications

Hyperthermia and Radiation Therapy in Locoregional Recurrent Breast Cancers: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Publishing house: Internation Journal of Radiation Oncology
Main author: Niloy R. Datta
Other authors: Emsad Puric, Dirk Klingbiel, Silvia Gomez, Stephan Bodis
Date: 2015-12-15

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2015.12.361

Język publikacji: angielski

Publication class: Meta-analisys of clinical data

Meta-analysis source: 34 clinical studies:
                                       5 Two-armed randomized trial
                                       5 Two-armed non randomized trial
                                       26 One-armed trial

Number of patients:   2110

HT type:  LRHT

Description of HT type: Local HT, mostly superficial, radio waves

Device: different (depends on publication)

Disease entity: Locally recurrent breast cancer

Symbol of disease entity: LRBC

Stage:  -

Types of combination with HT: HT+RT

CT type: -

Abstract. Purpose: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the outcome of hyperthermia (HT) and radiation therapy (RT) in locally recurrent breast cancers (LRBCs).
Methods and Materials: A total of 708 abstracts were screened from 8 databases according to the PRISMA guidelines. Single-arm and 2-arm studies, treating LRBCs with HTand RT but without surgery (for local recurrence) or concurrent chemotherapy were considered. The evaluated endpoint was complete response (CR).
Results: Thirty-one full text articles, pertaining to 34 studies, were shortlisted for the meta-analysis. Eight were 2-arm (randomized, nZ5; nonrandomized, nZ3), whereas 26 were single-arm studies. In all, 627 patients were enrolled in 2-arm and 1483 in single-arm studies. Patients were treated with a median of 7 HT sessions, and an average temperature of 42.5 C was attained. Mean RT dose was 38.2 Gy (range, 26-60 Gy). Hyperthermia was most frequently applied after RT. In the 2-arm studies, a CR of 60.2% was achieved with RT þ HT versus 38.1% with RT alone (odds ratio 2.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.66-4.18, P<.0001). Risk ratio and risk difference were 1.57 (95% CI 1.25-1.96, P<.0001) and 0.22 (95% CI 0.11-0.33, P<.0001), respectively. In 26 single-arm studies, RT þ HT attained a CR of 63.4% (event rate 0.62, 95% CI 0.57-0.66). Moreover, 779 patients had been previously irradiated (696 from single-arm and 83 from 2-arm studies). A CR of 66.6% (event rate 0.64, 95% CI 0.58-0.70) was achieved with HT and reirradiation (mean   SD dose: 36.7   7.7 Gy). Mean acute and late grade 3/4 toxicities with RT þ HT were 14.4% and 5.2%, respectively.
Conclusions: Thermoradiation therapy enhances the likelihood of CR rates in LRBCs over RT alone by 22% with minimal acute and late morbidities. For even those previously irradiated, reirradiation with HT provides locoregional control in two-thirds of the patients. Thermoradiation therapy could therefore be considered as an effective and safe palliative treatment option for LRBCs.

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